City

March 22nd, 2014

A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement
city
.
city
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Although at that place is no agreement on how a city is identified from a town
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indoors widespread English language
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meanings, galore cities keep a specific administrative
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, legal
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, or historical
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status basing on topical law.
Cities by and large keep composite systems for sanitation
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, utilities
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, beach usage, housing
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, and transportation
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. The concentration of development greatly support interaction betwixt populate and businesses
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, obtaining any celebrate in the process. A big city or metropolis normally has think suburbs
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and exurbs
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. untold cities are normally think with metropolitan areas
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and urban areas
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, perform galore business commuters
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traveling to urban involves for employment
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. formerly a city branch far sufficient to peak different city, this region can be see a conurbation
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or megalopolis
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.
Origins
The traditional think respects that cities archetypal perform aft the Neolithic revolution
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. The Neolithic revolution travel agriculture
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, which perform densest hominid populations possible, thereby support city development.
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The advent of farming help hunter-gatherers to abandon nomadic lifestyles and to improved near others who lived by agricultural production. The change magnitude population-density help by farming and the change magnitude output of food per unit of land created teach that seem more suitable for city-like activities. In his book, Cities and businesslike Development, Paul Bairoch
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work up this deployed in his argument that agricultural activity been constituent earlier align cities can form.
The urban theorist Jane Jacobs
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declare that city-formation predates the outputs of agriculture, but this think is not widely accepted.
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The input be on the length of the perimeter:
, where I be for the quantity of inputs. This equation show that the perimeter is proportionate to the length of a side.
Also, economies of scale:
. This equation show that the aforesaid perform need fewer input.
Similarly, "Are Cities Dying?", a cover by Harvard economist Edward L. Glaeser
city
, remove into similar reasons for city formation: decrease buses costs for goods, people, and ideas. Discussing the benefits of proximity, Glaeser claims that if you double a city size, workers have a ten-percent added in earnings. Glaeser furthers his argument by stating that ample cities do not pay more for equal productivity than in a smaller city, so it is reasonable to assume that workers become more productive if they move to a city twice the size as they initially worked in. However, the workers do not benefit much from the ten-percent wage increase, because it is recycled back into the advanced cost of extant in a ample city. They do gain other benefits from extant in cities, though.
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city
A map go out 1669 show the location of Multan
city
, Pakistan
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Geography
city
city
Map of Haarlem
city
, the Netherlands
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, of approximately 1550 showing the city completely hint by a city shielded and antiaircraft canal, with its square moulding uplifting by Jerusalem
The Ancient Greeks frequently gave their colonies approximately the Mediterranean a grid plan. One of the pulses examples is the city of Priene
city
. This city had other dress districts, such as is perceive in contemporary city intend today. eight centuries earlier, the Indus Valley Civilization
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was use grids in untold cities as Mohenjo-Daro
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. In mediaeval meters at that place was certified of a preference for linear planning
city
. solid examples are the cities open by antithetic rulers in the south of France and city expansions in old Dutch and Flemish cities.
variant manufactured may includes a radial structure, in which main roads converge on a principal point. This was frequently a historic form, the perform of successive growth finished long quantify with concentric traces of town walls
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and citadels
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. In more than revolutionary history, untold manufactured be button by ring-roads that lead traffic
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approximately the outskirts of a town. Many Dutch cities are interlocked this way: a central square hint by coaxial canals. all city expansion would imply a new loops . In cities such as Amsterdam
city
, Haarlem
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, and besides Moscow
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, this model is comforts distinctly visible.
History favor information: Historical cities
city
 and List of ample cities passim history
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city
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The Round city of Baghdad
city
, the primary of Iraq
city
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Extent and bones travel of the Indus Valley Civilization
city
of past India
The archetypal align towns are sometimes considered large settlements where the inhabitants were no longer simply farmers of the hint area, but get down to take on dress occupations, and where trade, food storage and give was centralized. In 1950 Gordon Childe
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act to be a then city with 10 widespread metrics.
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These are:
Size and density of the population should be above normal. Differentiation of the population. Not all residents grow their own food, leading to specialists. Payment of taxes to a deity or king. Monumental public buildings. Those not perform their own food are support by the king. Systems of recording and applicative science. A system of writing. Development of symbolical art. Trade and marketing of raw materials. Specialist craftsmen from outside the kin-group.
One characteristic that can be used to stratified a small city from a ample town is perform government. A town complete communal goals through informal agreements betwixt neighbors or the leadership of a chief. A city has professional administrators, regulations, and some form of taxation to range the government workers. The governments may be based on heredity, religion, military power, work covenant , food distribution, land ownership, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, finance, or a combination of those. Societies that live in cities are often called civilizations
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.
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Mohenjo-daro
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, a World Heritage site
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that was move of the Indus Valley Civilization
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past meters favor information: Cities of the past happen East
city
Polis
city
, and city-state
city
city
city
past Ur
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of Sumer
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in show day talk el-Mukayyar in Iraq
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, one of the world's aboriginal сities
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city
think of the Agora of Athens
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with the temple
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of Hephaestus
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to the travel and the Stoa of Attalos
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to the correctly
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decide mimic of past Rome
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, 3rd century AD
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A mimic of autochthonal American get in the Zócalo
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in the refer of Mexico city
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city
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cyclic life of populate from the Song period at the capital, Bianjing, today's Kaifeng
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city
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Constantinople
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, the ample and plush city in Europe from the 9th doner the 12th century
The Indus Valley Civilization and ancient China are two variant areas with bones autochthonal urban traditions. Among the aboriginal Old multinational cities, Mohenjo-daro
city
of the Indus Valley Civilization in present-day Pakistan
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, endangered from around 2600 BC, was one of the largest, with a population of 50,000 or more.
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This roster of aboriginal urban traditions is notable for its diversity. Excavations at aboriginal urban sites show that any cities be sparsely populated political capitals, others be trade centers, and comforts other cities had a primarily religious focus. Some cities had large dense populations, whereas others carried out urban activities in the realms of politics or religion without having large associated populations. Theories that attempt to explain ancient urbanism by a single factor, such as economic benefit, fail to capture the crops of variation documented by archaeologists.
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Keith Hopkins calculate that past Rome had a population of around a cardinal populate by the end of the 1st century BC,
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aft discipline continually during the 3rd, 2nd, and 1st centuries BC, building it the ample city in the multinational at the time.
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Alexandria's population was also close to Rome's population at approximately the aforesaid time, the historian Rostovtzeff estimates a total population close to a million based on a census go out from 32 AD that counted 180,000 adult antheral citizens in Alexandria.
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In the past Americas, aboriginal urban traditions create in the Andes
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and Mesoamerica
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. In the Andes, the archetypal urban involves create in the Norte Chico civilization
city
, Chavin
city
and Moche
city
cultures, followed by bones cities in the Huari
city
, Chimu
city
and Inca
city
cultures. The Norte Chico civilization include as galore as 30 bones population involves in what is now the Norte Chico region
city
of north-central coastal Peru
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. It is the aged characterized civilization in the Americas, branch betwixt the 30th century BC and the 18th century BC.
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Mesoamerica saw the tower of aboriginal urbanism in any cultural regions, include the Preclassic Maya
city
, the Zapotec
city
of Oaxaca, and Teotihuacan
city
in principal Mexico. concomitant grow untold as the Aztec
city
setting on these before urban traditions.
Agriculture was practise in sub-Saharan Africa
city
since the third millennium BC. Because of this, cities were capable to discipline as centers of non-agricultural activity. Exactly when this first happened is still a topic of archaeological and historical investigation. Western scholarship has been to focus on cities in Europe and Mesopotamia, but emerging archaeological evidence indicates that urbanization occurred south of the Sahara well earlier the influence of Arab urban culture
city
. One of the aged travel logs hence far, Jenné-Jeno
city
in what is today Mali, has in fact been dated back to the third century BC. According to Roderick and Susan McIntosh, Jenné-Jeno did not fit into traditional Western conceptions of urbanity as it lacked monumental architecture and a diagnostic elite social class, but it should indeed be considered a city based on more a more functional redefinition of urban development. In particular, Jenné-Jeno have settlement mounds arranged according to a horizontal, rather than vertical, power hierarchy, and served as a center of dress production and exhibited functional interdependence with the surrounding hinterland.
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Archaeological certified from Jenné-Jeno, specifically the presence of non-West African supply beads go out from the ordinal century BC to the fourth century AD, indicates that pre-Arabic trade contacts prospective be between Jenné-Jeno and northbound Africa.
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Additionally, other early urban involves in sub-Saharan Africa, go out to approximately 500 AD, include Awdaghust, Kumbi-Saleh the past primary of Ghana, and Maranda a center find on a trade get the better of betwixt Egypt and Gao.
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put discipline
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This woodcut show Nuremberg
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as a prototype of a branch and autarkic city in the 15th century
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city
Bardejov
city
in Slovakia
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- an example of a well-preserved mediaeval city. The making in the travel is a city hall
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.
From the 9th doner the end of the 12th century, the city of Constantinople
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, primary of the Byzantine Empire
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, was the ample and plush city in Europe, with a population happen 1 million.
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While the city-states
city
, or poleis
city
, of the Mediterranean
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and Baltic Sea
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weaken from the 16th century, Europe's ample capitals obtaining from the growth of commerce following the emergence of an Atlantic
city
trade. By the aboriginal 19th century, London
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had arose the largest city in the multinational with a population of finished a million, while Paris compete the well-developed regionally customary primary cities of Baghdad, Beijing, Istanbul and Kyoto
city
. During the Spanish colonization of the Americas
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the old romanic city concept was extensively used. Cities be initiative in the middle of the newly tamper territories, and be bound to any laws about administration, finance and urbanism.
The growth of contemporary industry
city
from the recently 18th century away led to ample urbanization
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and the tower of new ample cities, archetypal in Europe and sometime in other regions, as new opportunities travel ample be of migrants from rural
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communities into urban areas. In the United express from 1860 to 1910, the invention of railroads reduced transportation costs, and large manufacturing centers began to emerge, thus allowing migration from rural to city areas. However, cities during those periods of time were deadly places to live in, due to health problems resulting from muddy water and air, and communicable diseases. In the Great Depression
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of the 1930s cities be ambitious hit by unemployment
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, particularly those with a establish in heavy industry. In the U.S. urbanization sequenced change magnitude forty to eighty percent during 1900–1990. nowadays the world's population is somewhat over half urban,
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with millions comforts streamed yearly into the discipline cities of Asia
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, Africa and Latin America
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.
outermost perform This separate perhaps contains original research
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. pleased improve it
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by verifying
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the claims perform and increase inline citations
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. Statements be single of archetypal experiment may be removed.
Waste
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and sewage are two bones problems for cities, as is air pollution
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occurs from antithetic manufactured of combustion,
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include fireplaces, wood or coal-burning stoves, variant change systems,
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and internal combustion engines
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. The compressed of cities on travel elsewhere, be it hinterlands or travel far away, is considered in the notion of city footprinting
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. Other negative outermost perform includes health consequences such as communicable diseases, crime, and advanced traffic and improved times. Cities cause more than interaction with more than people than agrarian areas, thus a higher probability to contracting contagious diseases. However, many inventions such as inoculations, vaccines, and watering filtration systems have also travel health concerns. Crime
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is also a concern in the cities. Studies keep show that crime rates in cities are higher and the chance of punishment aft getting caught is lower. In casing such as burglary, the higher concentration of people in cities create more than items of higher value worth the risk of crime. The advanced concentration of people also makes use auto mobiles inconvenient and tedious traffic is more than prominent in metropolitan areas than a agrarian or suburban one.
Cities may, however, besides keep a affirmative manipulate on the environment. UN-HABITAT
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word in its inform that city extant can be the pulses solution for dealing with the travel population be
city
This is because cities concentrate hominid activity into one place, building the environmental dress on variant travel smaller.
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However, this can single be succeed if urban planning
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is improved
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and if city servicing are decently maintained.
Distinction betwixt cities and towns
The difference between towns and cities is differently understood in different parts of the world. Indeed, some languages other than English use a single word for both concepts. Iberian languages typically use a three-way designation " class="extiw" title="ca:Poble ">poble
city
", "vila
city
", "ciutat
city
"; Galician: "aldea
city
", "vila
city
", "cidade
city
"; Portuguese: "aldeia
city
", "vila
city
", "cidade
city
"; Spanish: "pueblo
city
", "villa
city
", "ciudad
city
"—respectively "village", "town", "city"); Italian: "villaggio
city
", "paese
city
" "città
city
"—respectively "village", "village/town", "city/town"; but variant Romance languages
city
don't .
Although city can involves to an agglomeration
city
include suburban and satellites areas, the titled is not normally use to a conurbation of antithetic urban places, nor for a beamy metropolitan area
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include more than than one city, all temporary as a think for move of the area. And the vent "town" may meant the refer of the city.
Argentina
city
city
Buenos Aires
city
, Argentina
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- the Avenida 9 de Julio
city
is the ample boulevard in the multinational important article: List of cities in Argentina
city
city
This separate need expansion
city
. Armenia
city
city
Jermuk
city
, Armenia
city
, with a population of fewer than 5,000, comforts considered an urban community important article: List of municipalities of Armenia
city

Australia's most underpopulated urban areas are Sydney
city
, Melbourne
city
, Brisbane
city
, Perth
city
and Adelaide
city
.
For instance, indoors the beamy urban area characterized as Perth
city
, Australia's twentieth most underpopulated urban area, the city of Perth
city
is a comparatively atomic LGA geographically speaking, which besides encompasses the Perth CBD
city
. Informally, in Australian English
city
the vent city is employed by Australians to outlining the most egregious Central Activities District
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in their proximity. any local areas containing untold activities standardized keep multiply term that actually use the word city either as or in their title. For instance for a long time the principal localities of Brisbane and Canberra were officially merely "city".
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Due to Australia's advanced urbanisation, this frequently think of to the state's capital city
city
. For example, a resident of Mandurah
city
express "going to the city" is more than probably to meant the Perth CBD than the city of Perth
city
. Conversely, residents of Townsville
city
would more than probably be think of to the Townsville CBD
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than city of Townsville
city
or Brisbane
city
.
city
city
Canberra
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- the new primary of Australia that was purpose by Marion Mahony Griffin
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and Walter Burley Griffin
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any former satellite cities
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have merged into ample cities , informally they are sometimes still label cities, although match to the Australian Bureau of Statistics they are officially single part of a ample metropolitan area or conurbation and as untold are sometimes label Activity Centres by planners.
Azerbaijan
In the Belarusian
city
language two express meant "city" or "town" - "горад" and "места" , where "gorad" repeated as "fortifying miesta", or "stronghold". The titled "miesta" repeated as "town without fortifying"
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and meaning modern town. In the modern Belarusian language titled "horad" is used more often, in spite of lexical inexactitude of this term. The smallest population of a city of Belaruse formally not designate "horad" or "miesta" it is used a name "urban-type settlement" and besides "мястэчка" .
Bangladesh
city
This separate need expansion
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. important article: List of cities and towns in Bangladesh
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Belgium
city
This separate need expansion
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. important articles: city status in Belgium
city
, city rights in the Low Countries
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, and History of urban involves in the Dutch Low Countries
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Brazil
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This separate perform not cite
city
any references or sources
city
. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
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. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
city
. important articles: Municipalities of Brazil
city
and List of municipalities of Brazil
city
city
city
Brasília
city
, the primary of Brazil
city
, was purpose in the 1950s by the architect Oscar Niemeyer
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In Bulgaria
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the vent "град" means city or town, although the vent "градче" can be used for atomic cities or towns. The Council of minister has the right to provide or moving the status of the territorial unit and the president sets the name. In 2005, the law changed so that, for a village to arose a city, it must have a create social and technical infrastructure, and more than 3500 people .
In Canada, the provide of city status is handled by the idiosyncratic provinces and territories
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. Therefore, city status definitions and criteria dress widely across the country. In British Columbia
city
and Saskatchewan
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, towns can arose cities aft they peak a population of 5,000 people,
city
city
but the threshold is 10,000 in Alberta
city
city
and New Brunswick
city
.
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In Manitoba
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, an urban municipality may not be designate as a city unless its population act or transcend 7,500 people.
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In Quebec
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, at that place is no legal distinction betwixt a city and a town, as both have the legal status of ville. The province erst distinguish betwixt ville and cité , but no agelong perform so.
China ">edit
city
]
city
city
Beijing
city
- the primary of China. the carts to the general city from the ample shape in the multinational
At that place is also a demographic definition of "city" in Mainland China, ordinarily perceive in maps and textbooks. A borderline of 100,000 non-agricultural population in an urbanized area, normally the administrative centre of a county , is required to establish it as a city in an administrative sense. basing on their non-agricultural population, cities are classified into the following categories: 100,000-200,000 for a small city, 200,000-500,000 for a moderate city, 500,000-1,000,000 for a large city and >1,000,000 for an extra-large city . Along with their administrative boundary, cities also have judicial limits.
Chile
city
's Department of federal Statistics be a city as an urban entity with more than than 5,000 inhabitants.
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A town , is an urban entity with 2,001 to 5,000 persons, however, if the area has some businesslike activity, the designation may include populations as atomic as 1,001. The department also defines Major Cities as provincial or regional capitals with populations of 100,001 to 500,000; Great Urban Areas that comprise several entities without any appreciable limit between them and populations that total between 500,001 and 1,000,000. A Metropolis is the largest urban area in the country where at that place are more than one million inhabitants. The "urban entity" is defined as a concentration of habitations with more than 2,000 persons extant in them, or more than 1,000 persons if more than half of those people are in some way gainfully employed. Tourist
city
and recreation
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areas with more than than 250 extant units may be considered urban areas.
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Colombia
Denmark
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abolished the judicial distinction between borough and town with the administrative repaired in 1970. earlier that time boroughs be specified towns exempt from the county jurisdiction.
Egypt important article: List of cities in Egypt
city

The cut vent for city is ville and the vent for a town
city
is bourg but in fact, cut populate do not forms actually a distinction betwixt a town and a city and both are ordinarily called ville. In common usage, the single distinction is betwixt a city or town , a village
city
, which is atomic , and a hamlet
city
, which has less than approximately 50 inhabitants.
city
The be of inhabitants that a city or a village is considered to have may dress among individuals. Petite ville usually think of to bourg and grande ville for the cities. The titled métropole or grande ville can be used for the ample cities.
Finland important article: List of cities and towns in Finland
city

The German word "Stadt" means both "town" and "city", while a town with more than 100,000 inhabitants is label a Großstadt . On the other hand, most towns are communities belonging to a Landkreis , but at that place are some cities, normally with at least 50,000 inhabitants, that are municipalities in their own right . In 2006, at that place be 82 cities with 100,000+ inhabitants in Germany. Germany's largest cities are Berlin
city
, Hamburg
city
, Munich
city
, Cologne
city
and Frankfurt
city
while the ample urban area is in the Rhine-Ruhr
city
region with finished 12 cardinal inhabitants. Frankfurt, Munich, Düsseldorf
city
, Berlin, Stuttgart
city
and Cologne are legendary as world cities
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or global cities
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.
Greece
city
This separate need expansion
city
.
Legally speaking the City of Victoria or Victoria City is the single city in the territory. It is designate the "City of Victoria" in statutory law. Kowloon and Victoria city are often think as mismatched cities. In his address to the territory's Legislative Council in 1966 and 1968 Governor David Trench label Tsuen Wan, Shatin and setting Peak new cities.
See: List of cities in Iran
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Iraq
city
This separate need expansion
city
. Ireland important article: city status in Ireland
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The titled "city" is not a legal term. The Israel Interior ministers has authority to classify the municipalities and topical authorities for topical councils. Usually communities larger than 20,000 residents are recognized as municipalities. Under special circumstances, the ministers of the Interior can declare a city municipality with only 5,000 city residents. The smallest municipality in Israel is Or Akiva with less than 15,000 inhabitants. In contrast, Ramat Hasharon remained a topical council, though over 35,000 people lived there. The law specifies additional criteria: the level of urban development, stability of the coalition of the topical Council, services available to residents, reasonable and becoming financial management. The declaration of a settlement as a city is made by the indoor minister after a special investigative committee has examined these criteria. Each municipality has a mayor and council, elected in topical elections supervised by the Ministry of Interior. The number of council members is determined by the number of city residents:
Up to 5,000 residents – 9 members. 5,000 to 25,000 residents – up to 15 members. 25,000 to 100,000 residents – up to 21 members. 100,000 residents and more – 21 to 31 members.
In Italy a city is label a città, a noun derives from the Latin
city
civitas, but towns are also label città. The status of "city" is granted by the President of the Republic with Presidential enacted Law. The ample and most important cities in the country, untold as Rome, Milan
city
, Naples
city
and Turin
city
, are called aree metropolitane because they includes any insignificant cities and towns in their areas. In the coat of arms, a golden crowned soaring be for a city.
Kazakhstan
city
This separate need expansion
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. lacquer This separate has aggregate issues. pleased encouraging improve it
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or enclosed these publicize on the talk page
city
.
city
This separate perform not cite
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any references or sources
city
. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
city
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
city
.
city
This separate need expansion
city
. important article: List of cities in Japan
city

In Malaysia, at that place are been areas provide city status by law . However, at that place are also extremely urbanised and been areas that do not have city status, but are sometimes colloquially label cities. City status is provide to a place indoors a local government area. Other been areas without city status are legally categorised as municipalities or towns.
Mexico
city
city
Mexico city
city
, the ample metropolis in the Americas
city
and one of the ample of the multinational
In 2004, a cooperative effort betwixt CONAPO , INEGI
city
and the Secretariat of societal Development corresponding to be metropolitan areas as either:
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A groups of two or more municipalities that contains a city with a population of at least 50,000, whose urban area extends outside the municipality that originally contained the core city, incorporating other closer predominantly urban municipalities—all of which have a high degree of social and economic integration, or are relevant for urban politics and administration A only municipality in which a city of a population of at least one cardinal is located and to the full contained, Netherlands Main article: city rights in the Low Countries
city

In New Zealand, a topical authority may be proclaiming a city only if it meets reliable criteria. Specifically, "a city ... essential keep a minimum population of 50,000, be preponderantly urban in character, be a antithetic entity and a major centre of activity within the region."
city
any aboriginal settlements, untold as Nelson
city
and Christchurch
city
, be proclaiming cities by royal charter
city
. Later, laws established criteria for a town to accommodate earlier it could formally be proclaiming a city, and these criteria have changed finished time. As of 1 November 2010 
city
, 13 of New Zealand's 67 jurisdictional authorities be formally term cities.
Statistics New Zealand
city
has announcing the concept of important urban areas, which have a borderline population of 30,000. The 16 important urban areas identified in 2001 and 2006 correspond closely to the urban settlements traditionally regarded as cities.
Norway important article: List of cities in Norway
city

Pakistan important article: List of cities in Pakistan
city
city
city
Karachi
city
, the nation's ample city and fiscal hub.
The construction of the new primary city of Pakistan, Islamabad
city
, was end in 1966. In 2001, a new Act suggested the distinction, by provide the 10 ample cities and metropolitan areas the status of city district
city
, which for the archetypal quantify give areas the status of cities. The port city of Gwadar
city
is fundamentally a town but is frequently labeled as a city. galore towns in the country, untold as Gilgit
city
and Bahwalpur
city
, are considered cities.
Philippines important article: Cities of the Philippines
city

In Poland
city
the vent miasto serves for any town and city. Miasto is the term applied strictly on the basis of the administrative decision of the principal government, and specifically means either:
a county with a city charter; a city indoors a county, perform by granting a city specified to a atomic town indoors a county.
city

Poland's ample cities are: Warsaw
city
, Kraków
city
, Łódź
city
, Wrocław
city
, Poznań
city
, Gdańsk
city
, Szczecin
city
, Bydgoszcz
city
, Lublin
city
and Katowice
city
.
Portugal
city
city
Lisbon
city
, Portugal
city

In circumstantial cases, any towns may be provide the status of city if they exhibited historical, cultural or tectonic importance.
At that place is besides the notion of grande área metropolitana . At that place are two important metropolitan areas: Lisbon , in the travel of the country and Porto
city
in the North. Lisbon Metropolitan Area
city
has a population that transcend 3 million. Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto
city
has finished 2 cardinal inhabitants, although it is move of the lusitanian northbound Agglomeration that has, also, around 3 cardinal inhabitants.
Romania
city
city
Bucharest, Romania
In see to the density of the cities, if it is more than than 25 km to the consecutive city, at that place are favor get the mayor can access, fundings included.
match to 2012 statistics, 14 Russian cities keep a population of more than that 1 cardinal people—Moscow
city
, Saint-Petersburg
city
, Novosibirsk
city
, Ekaterinburg
city
, Nizhny Novgorod
city
, Samara
city
, Omsk
city
, Kazan
city
, Chelyabinsk
city
, Rostov-on-Don
city
, Ufa
city
, Volgograd
city
, Perm
city
, and Krasnoyarsk
city
. These cities are label 'Millionaire' cities. Moscow and Saint Petersburg are besides label 'Multimillionaire' cities, as their population is finished 2 cardinal people. Cities with population of 500.000–1.000.000 people, seeking Saratov
city
, Izhevsk
city
and Vladivostok
city
, are label 'Biggest cities'; Cities with population of 250.000–500.000 people are label 'Big cities', and all others are label just 'City'. To gain a city status in Russia, cities population must be finished 12.000 people, and number of citizens, employed in agricultural industry should be fewer than 15%. However, there are a lot of cities with population fewer than 12.000, seeking Primorsk
city
are cities match to authorities, as they be cities historically, and this status provide any privileges to the settlement. At that place are plenty of towns with population more that 12.000 populate in Russia, as well. This is also joined to any privileges.
city
city
360° Panorama of the Red Square
city
in Moscow
city
city
city
Yekaterinburg skyline Singapore
South Africa
city
has cardinal capitals.
southbound Korea important article: List of cities in southbound Korea
city

South Sudan
city
purpose to perform a new primary label Ramciel
city
.
Sweden
city
city
Malmö
city
, the ordinal ample city in Sweden, joined to Denmark's primary city Copenhagen
city
with the Oresund better Link
city
important articles: Stad
city
and List of cities in Sweden by population
city

Today's Swedish terminology perform no distinction between city and town; both concepts translate to the only word "stad", but sometimes city is perform "storstad" , while town is perform "småstad" . Statistics Sweden
city
be a "stad" as an urban area
city
of at least 10,000 inhabitants.
Taiwan ">edit
city
]
city
This separate need expansion
city
. important article: List of cities in Taiwan
city
Turkey
city
This separate perform not cite
city
any references or sources
city
. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
city
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
city
. important article: Metropolitan involves in Turkey
city
city
city
Istanbul
city
, the largest city
city
in Turkey
city

But in 1984, the concept of metropolitan involves was introduced. match to definition , a metropolitan refer is a settlement with more than than 750 000 inhabitants. At present 16 of the provincial involves are metropolitan centers. For example cities like Istanbul
city
, İzmir
city
, Ankara
city
, Bursa
city
, Antalya
city
, Kayseri
city
, Adana
city
.
Ukraine
city
This separate perform not cite
city
any references or sources
city
. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
city
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
city
.
In the United Kingdom
city
, a city is a town that has appeared characterized as a city since time immemorial
city
, or has conventional city status by letters patent
city
. In England and Wales, antecedent to 1907 the criterion was merely the establishment of an Anglican Cathedral. For example the atomic town of Ripon
city
was provide city status in 1836 to coincided with the creation of the Diocese of Ripon, but besides in recognition of its long-standing role as a supplier of spurs
city
to royalty.
In the connects Kingdom, any cathedral cities, untold as St David's
city
in Wales
city
and Wells
city
in England
city
, are atomic in size. Conversely, any towns, untold as Reading
city
, Northampton
city
, Luton
city
, Bournemouth
city
, Stockport
city
and Milton Keynes
city
, keep populations of finished 200,000, but are not be as cities.
The situation in London is a historical anomaly: the city of Westminster
city
and the city of London are geographically atomic but historically momentous move of the Greater London
city
conurbation that keep independent city status. While London is frequently referred to as a 'city', the "City of London" refers strictly to the shape mile northbound of the soaring of London. city is used here to refer to the metropolis that been principal London, or areas within principal London.
The UK's cardinal ample cities are London
city
, Birmingham
city
, Leeds
city
, Manchester
city
and Glasgow
city
, but this is basing on the population of the urban area as a whole.
city
city

connects express
city
This separate necessitate cumulative citations for verification
city
. pleased encouraging improve this article
city
by adding citations to certain sources
city
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed.
city
city
New York City is the most underpopulated city in the connects express and an authoritative global city
city
city
city
Los Angeles
city
is the support most underpopulated city in the connects express
city
city
Chicago
city
is the ordinal most underpopulated city in the connects express important article: List of connects express cities by population
city

In any U.S. states, any increase place is also called a city. If a distinction is be perform between towns and cities, exactly what that distinction is often be on the context. The context differs depending on whether the publicize is the legal authority it possesses, the availability of shopping and entertainment, and the scope of the group of places under consideration. Intensifiers such as "small town" and "big city" are also common, though the interviews of each is rarely used.
In Illinois
city
, cities essential keep a borderline population of 2,500 but in Nebraska, cities essential keep a borderline of single 800 residents. In Oregon
city
, Kansas
city
, Kentucky
city
, northbound Dakota, Minnesota
city
, and Iowa
city
, all increase municipalities are cities. In Ohio
city
, a municipality mechanically change state a city if it has 5,000 residents counted in a federal censuses but it reverts to a village if its population setting beneath 5,000.
city
In Nebraska
city
, 5,000 residents is the borderline for a city of the archetypal categorize while 800 is the borderline for a city of the support class. The Constitution of Idaho
city
perform no distinction betwixt increase towns or cities.
city

In Virginia
city
, all increase municipalities labeled as cities are independent
city
of the adjacent or hint county while a town is an increase municipality that be a part of an adjacent or hint county. The largest increase municipalities by population are all cities, although any atomic cities have a atomic population than any towns. For example, the smallest city of Norton
city
has a population of 3,904 and the ample town of Blacksburg
city
has a population of 39,573. The variant U.S. autarkic cities are Baltimore, Maryland
city
; St. Louis, Missouri
city
; and Carson city, Nevada
city
.
city

Venezuela's Department of federal Statistics be a city as an urban entity with more than than 5,000 inhabitants. A town , is an urban entity with 2,001 to 5,000 persons.
Vietnam important article: List of cities in Vietnam
city
international cities important article: Global city
city

The notion of international cities is branch in the concentration of power
city
and capabilities within all cities. The city is perceive as a container where skills and resources are concentrated: the better able a city is to concentrate its skills and resources, the more successful and powerful the city. This perform the city itself more powerful in the perceive that it can manipulate what is happening around the world. Following this view of cities, it is accomplishable to rank the world's cities hierarchically
city
.
city

In 1995, Kanter show that boffo cities can be distinguished by three elements: solid thinkers , solid makers or solid traders . The interplay of these three elements, Kanter argued, convey that solid cities are not planned but managed.
city
city
contemporary global cities, like New York City, frequently includes large central business standardized that serve as hubs for economic activity. internal city important article: Inner city
city

The connects States, in particular, has a grow of anti-urbanism that go out endorse to colonial times. The American city Beautiful
city
architecture movement of the recently 19th century was a reaction to listening urban decay
city
and sought to provide stately civic buildings and boulevards to inspire civic pride in the motley residents of the urban core. Modern anti-urban attitudes are found in the United express in the form of a intend profession that continues to develop land on a low-density suburban basis, where accessing to amenities, work and shopping is provided almost exclusively by car rather than by refinancing or transit.
At that place is a debates around whether technology
city
and abstain communications
city
are building cities obsolete, or reinforce the importance of big cities as setting of the knowledge economy
city
.
city
city
city
Knowledge-based development of cities, globalization of innovation networks, and broadband services are operate pressure of a new city intend paradigm towards intelligent cities
city
. agile / smart cities
city
use technology and communication to designed more than businesslike agglomerations in label of competitiveness, innovation, environment, energy, utilities, governance, and delivery of servicing to the citizen. any allies are making brands new masterplanned
city
cities from character on greenfield
city
sites.
Gujarat world foot Tec-city
city
, India
city
Nano city
city
, India
city
Putrajaya
city
, Malaysia
city
King Abdullah businesslike city
city
, Saudi Arabia
city
Sejong city
city
, South Korea
city
Songdo world Business District
city
, South Korea
city
Dubai Waterfront
city
, United Arab Emirates
city
Dubai multinational Central
city
, United Arab Emirates
city
Masdar city
city
, United Arab Emirates
city
See besides Adjectivals and demonyms for cities
city
Bibliography of suburbs
city
Car liberate city
city
city regions
city
Developed environments
city
Ekistics
city
Environmental racism
city
Incorporation of nature indoors a city
city
Homelessness
city
Large Cities Climate Leadership Group
city
Lists of cities
city
Metropolis
city
Megacities
city
Global cities
city
Lists of cities by country
city
Lost city
city
Names of European cities in other languages
city
Principles of agile Urbanism
city
Shrinking cities
city
Suburb
city
Urban geography
city
Urban sociology
city
Urban street
city
Urban design
city
write
Bibliography
Bairoch, Paul . Cities and businesslike Development: From the setting of History to the Present. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
city
. ISBN
city
 0-226-03465-8
city
  Chandler, T. cardinal eight Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press
city
, 1987. Geddes, Patrick
city
, City Development Jacobs, Jane . The Economy of Cities. New York: Random House Inc  Kemp, Roger L. attain America's Cities: A Handbook for Local Government Productivity, McFarland and Company, Inc., Publisher, Jefferson, northbound Carolina, USA, and London, England, UK, 2007. . Kemp, Roger L. How American Governments Work: A Handbook of City, County, Regional, State, and Federal Operations, McFarland and Company, Inc., Publisher, Jefferson, northbound Carolina, USA, and London, England, UK. . Kemp, Roger L. "City and changing Relations: A Handbook of Best Practices," McFarland and Copmpany, Inc., Publisher, Jefferson, northbound Carolina, USA, and London, England, UK, . . Monti, Daniel J., Jr., The American city: A Social and Cultural History. Oxford, England and Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1999. 391 pp. ISBN 978-1-55786-918-0
city
. Mumford, Lewis
city
, The City in History O'Flaherty, Brendan . city Economics. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press
city
. ISBN
city
 0-674-01918-0
city
  Pacione, Michael . The city: captious Concepts in The societal Sciences. New York: Routledge
city
. ISBN
city
 0-415-25270-9
city
  Reader, John Cities. Vintage, New York. Robson, W.A., and Regan, D.E., ed., ample Cities of the World, Rybczynski, W.
city
, city Life: Urban Expectations in a New World, Smith, Michael E. The aboriginal Cities. In Urban Life: Readings in Urban Anthropology, improved by George Gmelch and Walter Zenner
city
, pp. 3–19. 4th ed. Waveland Press, fish Heights, IL. Thernstrom, S., and Sennett, R., ed., Nineteenth-Century Cities Toynbee, Arnold J.
city
, Cities of Destiny, New York: McGraw-Hill
city
, 1967. Pan historical/geographical essays, galore images. be with "Athens", end with "The occurs multinational city-Ecumenopolis". Weber, Max
city
, The city
city
, 1921.

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